*Author/editor’s note: I hope I have done justice to the story of Flight 4184. We are inserting no ads in the article and receiving no revenue, out of respect for those gone and for those still here. 

In the late afternoon of Halloween, 1994, just an hour before children would march from their homes for trick-or-treating, a regional airliner carrying 64 passengers and 4 crew members fell into a soybean field just outside Roselawn, Indiana, leaving no survivors.

ATR 72-212, IDENTICAL TO FLIGHT 4184

Almost two decades later, all that remained of the tragic incident was a makeshift memorial, a carved stone and a collection of white crosses, each lovingly-handmade and bearing the name of a victim. In 2014, the victims’ families collected funds to finance a permanent memorial, with the name of each victim etched into stone.

The Flight 4184 Memorial sits alongside a quiet, rural road, used by farmers and the occasional car. Like most rural farming roads, it is unnamed and sparsely traveled. The memorial sits about 500 yards from the actual crash site, which has returned to use as farmland. However, the scar of the crash is still visible in GPS photos when the field is empty, and will likely be visible for a long time to come, just like the memories and faces of the 68 lost.

THE ORIGINAL MEMORIAL

Nothing about Flight 4184 seemed unusual, and it was about as short and sweet a flight as you could want–an easy glide from Indianapolis to Chicago. The crew were experienced and competent; the plane, a regional twin-prop airliner, had a good safety record. Until the last two or three minutes of the flight, all was well. At least as far as the crew and ground control knew. 

When the National Transportation Safety Board released the results of its investigation of Flight 4184, they concluded the below-freezing air temperatures created significant icing on the aileron hinges (which attach the flaps to the wings and forgive my oversimplification) and created more ice than the deicing mechanism could handle. As it changed altitude from 10,000 feet to 8,000 feet, the iced hinges stalled, causing the plane to tumble into an uncontrolled roll.

Although the pilots fought the first roll successfully, Flight 4184’s extremely low altitude (about 2,000 feet) did not provide enough time for them to recover from the second roll. It struck the ground at 432 mph, ending the lives of all aboard instantaneously. Its fuel dispersed so suddenly it could not ignite. When first responders came upon the scene, it was eerily quiet and cold, an empty field filled with haunting debris.

SIMILAR WING ICING

Controversy of the handling and cleanup of the crash compounded the tragedy. Horrified family members returned to the site of the crash a year later and discovered remains large enough to be identifiable as human, including a five-inch piece of bone. 

Several years later, the airline and the airplane’s manufacturer would be found liable and pay the families of victims a $110 million settlement. The manufacturer improved the deicing capabilities of the aircraft, and airlines limited the airplane’s future exposure to severe icing conditions. Several families would also unite to form the National Air Disaster Alliance/Foundation, a watchdog group for unsafe practices on commercial flights. 

MEMORIAL AND CRASH SITE LOCATION

No amount of money can replace the loss of lives, just as no small article can convey the tragedy of the incident. For those who want a better understanding of Flight 4184, I suggest taking a trip by Roselawn and honoring the victims’ memories in person.

The dozen times I have passed by or visited the memorial, I have never failed to notice a new bunch of flowers or sentimental token left in remembrance, demonstrating that those 68 lives remain lost…

But they also remain loved.

THE MEMORIAL TODAY

To learn more: the families of Flight 4184 created and maintain an excellent website dedicated to the tragic incident and its victims, which you can visit HERE.